What and how important it is to teach modern specialists
On September 16, a large conference "YES SHE CAN!" Was held in online and offline formats - an initiative aimed at developing female leadership in the IT and STEM spheres. A number of sessions focused on topics related to women's businesses and startups. On the site of Innopolis, a meeting of experts was held, dedicated to the issues of education and the formation of conditions for the development of entrepreneurial qualities in the younger generation.
The meeting was moderated by Vasily Sikorsky, co-founder of the vlagere.ru children's camp selection service and the Supra online academy for children. He stressed that the question of what education should be that stimulates the development of entrepreneurial qualities is actively discussed in the professional community today. Financial and legal literacy, the ability to build communications, clearly formulate and implement ideas - these are competencies that are useful not only in business or in any other profession, but also in life. That is why today it is so important to form a high-quality educational space capable of bringing up all the necessary skills in the younger generation.
The meeting brought together experts with extensive experience in the field of education, in the implementation of social and entrepreneurial projects. The speakers shared examples of successful practices in the development of an educational entrepreneurial environment, and also expressed their opinion on what skills are needed for modern specialists.
Director of the Institute of Continuing Education at Innopolis University, Candidate of Philology Maria Obraztsova spoke about the projects that she is implementing with the team. Since 2020, the organization has become a pivotal center for training personnel for the digital economy in Russia, uniting a number of universities under its auspices. Today the consortium includes about 400 educational institutions from 78 regions of the country.
One of the main tasks today, according to Maria Obraztsova, is to develop an entrepreneurial mindset among specialists from different fields.
Almost all additional education programs at Innopolis University include courses related to entrepreneurial competencies. The expert is sure that regardless of the field of activity, a person should be able not only to “pack” the result of his work, to demonstrate its value for society, but also to calculate all the risks and opportunities in the implementation of ideas. This is important both when preparing scientific articles describing the results of research that is significant for society, and when applying for grants to finance an initiative, and even more so when creating any social or commercial product.
Maria Obraztsova also shared her experience in implementing the Startup as a Diploma initiative. As part of a project implemented under the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, universities were selected that are ready to introduce changes to their curricula. The essence of the initiative is that students have the opportunity to create real entrepreneurial and technological projects already during their studies and do this not in their free time, but within the framework of the main educational process. At the same time, startups could represent graduate qualification works of students. This practice has already been introduced in several universities in the country.
By creating and developing real industrial projects in the course of their studies, students gain valuable experience and a clear understanding of what competencies they have, what they can do, in which area they can be useful after graduating from the university.
Rector of the Institute for Humanities and Information Technologies and the International College of Arts and Communications, Doctor of Laws Marina Volynkina spoke about the features and principles of the educational process in her educational institutions. As for a person of science, a mother of many children and an innovator in spirit, it has always been important for her to create an atmosphere of creativity, student activity and positiveness at the institute and college. The rector is sure that it is precisely such an environment that contributes to the formation of the very entrepreneurial qualities in the younger generation that Adam Smith spoke of: hard work, activity and enterprise.
In addition to theoretical and practical disciplines, a number of social projects operate on the basis of educational institutions. For example, seven years ago, students and teachers together created the portal of additional education "Gifted Children", which today unites 30 thousand schoolchildren from all regions of Russia. Students of the institute conduct webinars and master classes, contests and promotions for them. For students, this is a great experience of interacting with the audience, implementing ideas and practicing various professional skills. Together with senior students and graduates, another large-scale project was created - the Global Women Media news agency. The site regularly publishes interviews with women leaders from around the world.
Projects allow students to show qualities such as enthusiasm, initiative, dedication and hard work. When all this is "multiplied" by consistency, in pThe result is professionalism. By the time they graduate from the university, regardless of the chosen specialty, the guys become active participants in the entrepreneurial sector.
The main feature of projects is that they are social. Such initiatives are capable of providing the younger generation with important values and life guidelines. And this is no less important for an entrepreneur.
Any business should be based primarily on universal human values, only then will it work for the good of society.
Elena Myakotnikova, representative from Russia in Women 20, member of the board of directors of Synergy Corporation, expressed the opinion that today it is necessary to change the general attitude of Russian society towards entrepreneurial activity. She gave an example of differences in the perception of business in different countries. So, in America, the child's desire to earn money is considered commendable. Films often show children selling lemonade or cookies to neighbors. Moreover, sometimes they are given similar tasks in schools or scout circles. In Russia, as shown by surveys conducted just a few years ago, many parents perceive entrepreneurship as a way of making money or deceiving people. Some admitted that they would consider it "indecent" if their child started selling sweets or crafts to friends.
Fortunately, the situation is already beginning to change. People are gradually developing an understanding that business is the sphere that helps to meet the needs and demands of society.
A person who can offer the world a useful or interesting product has a talent that needs to be developed.
Attitudes towards “children's” entrepreneurship are also rapidly changing. A large number of instruments to support this direction are emerging in Russia. Elena Myakotnikova noted that today almost 50 thousand adolescents aged 14 to 18 are registered as self-employed in the country. This is the format of employment that allows you to legally run a business with a fairly serious turnover and at the same time does not require complex manipulations with documents, and the percentage of taxation is minimized.
Andrey Andrusov, Deputy Director of the Center for Promoting Innovation in Society "SALT", shared his observations related to the gender aspect in entrepreneurship. Taking part in the implementation of educational programs for entrepreneurs, the team noticed an interesting statistic: more and more women are appearing among newcomers to business. In addition, "SALT" is the organizer of the competition for social entrepreneurs. In this area, Andrei Andrusov noted, women also predominate. Many of them reach the final of the competition and win. All this shows that the business environment in the country is developing, becoming more and more diverse and accessible.
Speaking about education and the development of entrepreneurial skills, Andrey Andrusov noted the importance of learning from specific examples. The expert himself teaches for schoolchildren, often based on real stories and cases.
In the case of educational programs for adult entrepreneurs, the method of exchange of experience between the students themselves has shown great efficiency. As a rule, teachers are people with a serious store of knowledge, but focusing on pedagogical and mentoring activities, while entrepreneurs are constantly in the business environment and, like no one else, know about trends, innovations and the specifics of working in it.
All experts of the session unanimously agreed that today a high-quality educational environment for the development of entrepreneurs is already being formed in the country. It can be made better and more efficient through open communication. It is important that current entrepreneurs do not hush up the existing problems and difficulties, suggest options for changing the situation for the better.
Vasily Sikorsky, as the ambassador of the SKOLKOVO School of Management, noted that, in his opinion, the organization also makes a powerful contribution to the formation of entrepreneurial thinking in society. The school's programs are aimed at not only developing important professional skills among students, but also showing the value "core" of the profession, teach entrepreneurs to be responsible for their actions and proudly carry their business to the masses.
An important part of the development of an entrepreneurial culture in society is the promotion of a positive entrepreneurial agenda in the media space.
The moderator concluded the meeting with the phrase of the famous investor and entrepreneur Naval Ravikant, who dreamed that someday there would be as many businesses on the planet as there are residents. If each person develops entrepreneurial skills, then society will only benefit from this. After all, good business is not a story about profit and benefit, but about changing people's lives for the better.