Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space. Her flight took place on the Vostok-6 spacecraft on June 16, 1963. She was selected from over 400 applicants for the flight . At that time she was 26 years old. The next flight of a woman took place only 20 years later, Svetlana Savitskaya went into orbit.

At the moment in the history of Russia (including the USSR) there are 5 women who have been in space: Valentina Tereshkova, Svetlana Savitskaya, Elena Kondakova , Elena Serova and Yulia Peresild . The sixth could be Anna Kikina , whose flight is scheduled for 2022.

Perhaps in a few years, the first African woman will take her place on the ISS. In the summer of 2021, Russia and Tunisia signed a Memorandum, according to which Roscosmos promised to help train the first Tunisian woman astronaut.

The head of Roskosmos , Dmitry Rogozin, urged the girls to be "more active": "We would like not to carry out any artificial balances, but we expect that young Russian women can easily pass the tough requirements that are placed on cosmonauts, and thereby balance a squad that has become too masculine."

The tests are really hard. In the centrifuge, future astronauts are twisted at a frantic speed - up to 70 revolutions per minute. In a thermal chamber , they are practically roasted: the air temperature rises to 60 ° C. There is so little oxygen in the pressure chamber that it is barely enough for breathing. There is deafening silence in the isolation chamber, and darkness in the windows. You need to spend 72 hours in it, 48 of which are at work, absolutely without sleep.

There is also scuba diving, weightlessness, skydiving, survival tests. For the layman, most manipulations are a real torment, for an astronaut it is a familiar reality.

Despite such a difficult selection, a woman remains herself even in space. Russian cosmonaut Elena Serova said that women on the ISS continue to take care of themselves and she even had eyeliner with her, because astronauts are the “face of the country” and should look good. And the Japanese company Pola In 2023, Orbis promises to launch a line of specialized skin care products for weightless conditions in the extremely dry environment CosmoSkin .


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